Head & Neck Surgery

Skin Cancer of Head or Neck

Skin cancer is the most common type of tumour in Australia and it is increasing in incidence. Skin cancer is the uncontrollable growth of neoplastic cells and in some cases, if not treated, will spread or metastasise.

Common types of skin cancers are Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC), Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) and Malignant Melanoma (MM). BCC is the most common and least aggressive and MM is less common but very aggressive.

Some of the causes of skin cancer are: sun exposure, sunlamps, sunbeds, solarium, Arsenic, radiation therapy, burns, ulcers, immunosuppression, albinism, syndromic eggs. (Xeroderma pigmentosum, Nevoid BCC syndrome).

The following groups have the least melanin and are at greatest risk for developing BCCs:

  • fair complexion
  • light hair
  • blue/green eyes
  • inability to tan
  • history of multiple or severe sunburns
  • Celtic ancestry
  • Lifetime risks of skin cancer
  • Males : 33-39%
  • Females: 23-28%

Diagnosis of Skin Cancer

The diagnosis can be made by your doctor if the clinical feature is typical, or by a punch or incisional biopsy. For suspected melanomas an excisional biopsy is usually performed and, depending on the type and depth, further wider margin surgery may be required.

Prevention of Skin Cancer

  • Sun protection - wear a broad-brimmed hat, UV-protective sunglasses, long sleeved shirt and pants
  • Use sunscreen (SPF >30) and apply before swimming or exercise and repeat every 2-3 hours. Stay under shade.
  • Monitor suspicious spots or moles. Check for spots or moles that are new, grow rapidly, itch, bleed or change colour.
  • See your doctor if you have any ulcers that do not heal.

Non-surgical Treatments

Early non-melanotic skin cancer (BCC and SCC) and precancerous lesions such as Solar Keratosis can be treated by the following:

  • Cryotherapy (Liquid Nitrogen) -Easy but a biopsy is not taken. Effective for solar keratosis and small superficial BCC and SCC in situ.
  • Curettage with diathermy -The tumour is scraped and the defect is cauterised. This usually leaves a small contracted white scar.
  • Laser ablation - for superficial cancers.
  • Radiotherapy -For patients who are unfit for surgery or have skin cancers in critical areas.
  • Chemotherapy - Topical Cream (Efudex, Aldara, Interferon, Solaraze) - usually needs to be applied daily for a few weeks.
  • Photodynamic Therapy -A drug is used that is uptaken by cancer cells, which is then activated by light (phototherapy). The activated drug then kills the cancer cells. This is still not widely used.

Surgical Treatment

Surgical treatment is most commonly used by surgeons and predominantly for invasive cancer. The extent of surgery depends on the type of cancer, size, site, depth and spread (metastasis).

Options include

  • Excision -Elliptical / simple, full thickness, wedge. The defect is then closed by re-suturing the edges together.
  • Skin graft -split or full thickness - if the defect cannot be closed and local flap is not the best option.
  • Skin flap -The defect is repaired by moving tissue nearly (local flap) or from another region (regional flap). This is commonly very effective in the face.
  • Free flap -For large defect where local flap or skin graft is not available or inadequate.

Anaesthesia

Simple cases can be treated under local anaesthesia and more complex cases are performed under sedation or general anaesthetic.

Dr Pham will discuss with you the best treatment option for your skin cancer.

Preoperative (Before Surgery) Instructions

  • Please cease Aspirin, Aspirin-containing products, Plavix and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (such as Ibuprofen) for 10 days prior to and two weeks following your surgery. If you are on any medications that affect bleeding (such as Warfarin) please notify Dr Pham.
  • Smoking tobacco and alcohol increase anaesthetic and surgical risks. Please cease them for three to four weeks prior to and four weeks following surgery. They cause delayed wound healing, skin necrosis and other complications.
  • Please notify us of all your routine medications and significant health history. You can remain on your daily medications, except for blood thinners unless instructed otherwise.
  • Arnica, a natural herb that significantly decreases bruising, can be taken before and after surgery along with Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), which helps promote healing.
  • For general anaesthetic -if you are having a morning procedure you must not eat or drink after midnight the evening before. If you are having an afternoon procedure you must not eat or drink after 6.00am on the morning of surgery. You may, however, take your normal medications and brush your teeth.
  • Please shower and remove any make-up and nail polish before arriving for your procedure.
  • Unless you are remaining in hospital someone will need to drive you home after surgery and stay with you that evening.
  • If you have any concerns please call the office (08) 9380 4488. Remember, we are all here to give you the best possible care.

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Postoperative (After Surgery) Instructions

During surgery, dressings will be placed on the wounds. Immediately after surgery, you will be transferred to the recovery room for monitoring. Once awake and when it is safe to do so, you will be transferred to your room or discharge home. Most skin cancer operations are day cases but occasionally overnight stays are advised.

Wound swelling, bruising, tightness and pain are to be expected, especially in the first 2-4 days. You can shower normally after 1 day. Keep dressing tapes on for 3-4 days and remove then if the dressing starts to peel off or damp. Vaseline or antibiotic ointment as prescribed should be smear over the wound 4 times a day for 6 weeks. The wound is usually reviewed after 5-7 days. Most sutures are dissolvable and the remaining ones are removed at the first postoperative review after 1 week.

Some patients may have mood swings; feel depressed, anxious or elated after the procedure. These feelings usually resolve but if they persist then please inform Dr Pham.

Medications

Dr Pham will prescribe pain relief to be used as directed. Usually Paracetamol +/- Codeine, Tramadol or Oxycodone is sufficient. Most patients complain of discomfort rather than pain. Do not take additional pain relievers other than what Dr Pham suggests or prescribes and start any antibiotics when you get home.

Diet

You should take plenty of fluids and eat nourishing food as tolerated. You may feel nauseous for the first 24 hours.

Activity

You should rest for the entire day after major surgery. Sleep on your back with the head of your bed elevated or use two to three pillows for one week after surgery. Always protect your wounds from sun exposure. You can resume most light daily activities after a few days. You should avoid heavy lifting, exercise and activities such as running for 3-4 weeks after surgery. You can shower the next day. You can drive on the same day or 1-2 days depending on the surgery and type of anaesthesia used.

Most people can resume work after a few days or earlier, but occasionally longer if patients prefer more privacy. Most swelling and bruising will subside after 2 -4 weeks.

Scars Management

Scars usually remain red and raised for 6-12 weeks. They will gradually fade and flatten. You can massage the scars with two fingers and should use moisturiser such as Vaseline, Bio-Oil or Vitamin E cream and sunscreen. Avoid direct sunlight for at least 6 months.

Final results following skin cancer procedures/reconstruction may take up to 3-6 months following surgery. You will need regular skin checks (every 3-6 months) either by your General Practitioner or Dermatologist or with Dr Pham.

Please Inform Dr Pham’s office or the hospital where the procedure was performed if you have the following:

  • High fever, chills or a temperature of more than 38 degrees
  • Heavy bleeding from the wounds
  • Severe pain or tenderness
  • Significant redness, or discharge around the incision

If you have any concerns, please contact Dr Pham’s office on 9380 4488. Remember, we are all here to give you the best possible care.

Risk of Surgery

Modern surgery is safe but does have risks. Complications can occur despite the highest standards and world’s best practice principles used by Dr Pham.

It is not possible to list all the risks but you should be informed of the common side effects and benefits so that you can make an informed consent. Dr Pham will discuss these in greater detail at consultation. You should write down any particular questions or specific concerns.

The potential risks are:

  • General risk of surgery
  • Wound infection or breakdown – may require antibiotics
  • Bruising and swelling
  • Bleeding, blood clots or seroma
  • Chest infection
  • Sore throat from the breathing tube
  • Heart problems, blood clots (lower legs or lungs) or breathing difficulties due to anaesthesia and surgery in some patients
  • Scars that become raised (hypertrophic or keloid)

Specific Risks

  • Swelling and numbness
  • Painful or unattractive scarring including keloid and hypertrophic scars
  • Loss of skin graft or flap
  • Scar
  • Subjective dissatisfaction with the final outcome
  • Allergic reaction to sutures, tape adhesives and others
  • Incomplete excision – may require further surgery
  • Recurrence of cancer after 6 months or more

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FEES AND INSURANCE

After conducting a thorough medical history, Dr Pham and his staff will offer information regarding anaesthesia, the surgical facility to be used, and the costs for the procedure. Every procedure is individual and unique to each patient. Because of this, determining your specific needs and the fees associated relies upon a variety of factors, such as the complexity of the operation, where the surgery will take place and type of anaesthetic to be administered.

Your Quote

A quote will be provided and is usually an estimate as the actual surgery may differ from the proposed treatment due to an unexpected finding. Dr Pham will never compromise your health or surgical outcome to conform to previously anticipated or communicated anaesthesia and facility time. Accordingly, if further treatment is required (either through complexity, unforeseen complications or additional procedures you request) then extra costs are likely to apply.

Total Fee

The total fee will comprise of

    • Surgeon Fee (Dr Pham)- this will be provided in the quote
    • Anaesthetist Fee- you will need to consult the Doctor / Anaesthetist involve for a quote
    • Hospital or Day Surgery Fee- you will need to contact the hospital involve for a quote

Consultation Fee

The fee for the initial consultation with Dr Pham is $190.00. Please remember that a referral letter from your General Practitioner will be required for a Medicare Rebate of $70.

Your first cosmetic consultation is free with a Nurse Coordinator.

Fees for cosmetic plastic surgery are paid prior to surgery.

Deposits

A non-refundable deposit of 10% or $500 is required once surgery has been scheduled. This deposit reserves the surgery date and is credited towards the balance due.

The balance of fees due is to be paid in full at the pre-operative appointment or three weeks prior to the scheduled surgery, whichever is first. Perth Facial Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery generally does not provide refunds. Once a procedure is scheduled and the fee collected, and you cancel or reschedule the surgery within 2 weeks, there will be a fee of 25% of the total cost. Of course, exceptions are made for life threatening emergencies or medical illnesses prior to the procedure. In these instances, the rescheduling fee does not apply.

Payment

Acceptable forms of payment include:

  • Cash
  • Bank Cheques
  • Visa or MasterCard

We do not offer payment plans

Health Insurance

As a rule, cosmetic plastic surgery is considered “elective surgery” and is not covered by most health insurance funds or Medicare. Some operations that have a significant functional aspect may be considered reconstructive rather than cosmetic and, as such, may attract a small rebate. These include Rhinoplasty for deformity or nasal obstruction, and breast reduction if the weight of your breasts causes pain or interferes with normal activities. Dr Pham will advise you to contact your health fund and Medicare if this is the case.

Because Facial Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery is artistic, on occasion, revisions may be necessary. Such revisions are performed within one year of the original surgery, and although there is generally a minimum charge for the surgery, facility and anaesthesia fees still apply for such procedures. Perth Facial Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery reserves the right to determine whether a revision is appropriate and what the procedure will entail. If you have any questions regarding this policy, please ask Dr Pham.

TABLE OF FEES

These prices are approximate only. You will be provided with a firm quote after consultation with Dr Pham. Most cosmetic surgery’s fee will attract a GST.

ProcedureDr Pham’s FeeAnaesthetist FeeHospital fee (Private Health Insurance may apply)Churchill Day Surgery fee
Rhinoplasty (Nose Reshaping / Nose Job / Nose Surgery)7000-7500

 

8000-9500  (costal/rib cartilage)

1500-20003500-45002500-3000 (selected case)
Mini Face Lift, Minimum Incision Facelift6000-7000 +GST2000-25004500-55004000-4500
Face and Neck lift9000-10,000 +GST2500-30006000-80005500-6000
Neck lift6000-7000 +GST2000-25004000-45003500-4000
Brow lift3500-4000 +GST1200-15002500-30002000
Eyelid Upper2500-3500800-10002000-25001800
Eyelid Lower2500-3500800-10002000-25001800
Eyelid Upper and Lower5000-60001500-18003000-40002800-3000
Mini-Face lift, upper & lower blepharoplasty10000-12,000 + GST2500-30006000-80005000-6000
Face Neck lift, upper lower blepharoplasty12000-14000 + GST3500-40007000-90006000-7000
Face Neck Brow lifts, upper lower blepharoplasty15000-16000 + GST4000-45008500-95007500-8000
Otoplasty / Ear Pinning / Prominent Ear5000-60001200-15002500-35002500-2800
Chin implant / Augmentation2500-3500 + GST Implant 700 +GST800-10002000-25001800
Cheek Implant / Augmentation3000- 3500 + GST Implant 700 +GST800-10002000-25001800
Breast Augmentation / Breast Enhancement5000-6000 +GST Implant 2000 +GST1200-15002500-35001800-2000
Breast Reduction / Breast Lift8000-90001500-22003500-4500NOT Available
Gynaecomastia – Male Breast Reduction4000-50001200-15003000-35002000-2500
Tummy Tuck (Lipectomy / Abdominoplasty)8000-90002000-35004000-5000NOT Available
Mini Tummy Tuck (Lipectomy /Abdominoplasty)4500-60001200-18002500-30002000-2500
LiposculptureDepends on area. Approximately 1000-1500 per area +GSTNeed quoteNeed quote. Each area include: Upper abdomen, Lower abdomen, Flanks, Medial thigh, Lateral thigh, Buttock, Axillae, Back, Upper armNeed quote
Chemical Peel2000-2500 +GST Depend on areaIf required sedation or general anaestheticNeed quote1000
Dermabrasion2000-2500 +GSTIf required sedation or general anaestheticNeed quote1000
Wrinkle Relaxer550-600 for 25-30 units or 300 per area +GST
Fillers – temporary- Juvederm650/ampoule +GST
Fillers – semi permanent1200/cc +GST
Platelet-Rich Plasma800-1000 + GST

 

YOUR AREAS of CONCERN

 

Brow and Forehead: lines, angry or tired, sad look
  • Wrinkle Relaxer
  • Wrinkle Fillers
  • Blepharoplasty / Eye lift / Eye lid surgery
  • Endoscopic Brow Lift /Forehead Lift
Eyes: hooded, droopy, puffy, fullness, block vision
  • Blepharoplasty / Eye lift (upper and lower eyelid reshaping)
  • Endoscopic Brow Lift / Forehead Lift
Eyes- crow feet
  • Wrinkle relaxers
Ears: protruding, batty, large, prominent ear
  • Otoplasty (Ear Pinning)
Jowls and Sagging Cheeks & neck
  • Face lift (Rhytidectomy)
  • Mini Facelift, S-lift, MACS lift
  • Face Neck lift
Neck: sagging, excess skin, bands, fullness
  • Neck Surgery (Neck Lift and Liposuction / Liposculpture)
Wrinkles and Lines
  • Wrinkle Relaxer
  • Wrinkle Fillers
  • Laser & Chemical Resurfacing
  • Dermabrasion
  • Platelet Rich Plasma
  • Skin Care Products

 

Nose: prominent, large, twisted, too small, nasal hump, too long
  • Rhinoplasty (Nose Surgery)
Blocked nose, crooked nose, fractured nose
  • Septoplasty / Septo-rhinoplasty (Nasal Surgery for breathing and deformity)
Cheeks: hollow
  • Implants – Cheek implant
  • Wrinkle Fillers
  • Fat transfer
Chin: small, protruding
  • Chin Surgery – Chin implant, Genioplasty / Mentoplasty
  • Wrinkle Fillers
  • Fat transfer

 

Cosmetic Breast Surgery: breast enhancement / implant, sagging breast, heavy breast, male breast
  • Breast implant / Breast enhancement / Breast Augmentation (Augmentation Mammoplasty
  • Breast Lift (Mastopexy)
  • Breast Reduction (Reduction Mammoplasty)
  • Correction of Enlarged Male Breasts (Gynaecomastia)
Body Contouring: sagging tummy, too much fat
·         Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty)

·         Mini Tummy Tuck (Lipectomy)

·         Liposuction / Liposculpture

 

Facial Reconstructive: scars, skin cancer, moles
·         Skin Cancer of the Face, Head & Neck

·         Mole Removal